Phosphatidylinositol 4-phosphate (PtdIns4P) kinase was purified from cytosolic and particulate material of rat brain. The purification procedure of the enzyme from cytosol consisted of (NH4)2SO4 precipitation. DEAE-cellulose column chromatography and preparative isoelectric focusing. Other methods after DEAE-cellulose column chromatography failed to achieve further purification of the PtdIns4P kinase, probably caused by the tendency of the enzyme to aggregate with contaminating proteins. The final purification was 67-fold, and the recovery was 0.6%. After isoelectric focusing the fraction containing the highest PtdIns4P kinase activity showed only one protein as visualized by sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis and silver staining. The apparent Mr of this protein was 45 kDa and the isoelectric point about 5.8. The activity of PtdIns4P kinase was dependent on the concentration of divalent cations in the incubation medium. PtdIns4P kinase activity was found to be optimal at 10-30 mM-Mg2+. In an attempt to compare the cytosolic with the membrane-derived kinase activity, a Triton/KCl extract from synaptic membranes was subjected to the same purification procedure as the cytosolic enzyme. A difference in isoelectric focusing was observed, possibly due to a higher tendency to form aggregates. However, we tend to conclude that also in the membranes the PtdIns4P kinase activity is present as a 45 kDa protein, identical with that found in the cytosol.

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