Dichloroacetate (which activates pyruvate dehydrogenase) decreases the release of alanine, pyruvate and lactate in hemidiaphragm incubations with valine. Dichloroacetate interferes with alanine formation by diverting pyruvate into oxidative pathways, which not only limits pyruvate availability for direct transamination to form alanine but also indirectly affects branched-chain amino acid transamination by limiting 2-oxoglutarate regeneration from glutamate.

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