The kinetics of, and the influence of ionic strength on, the immobilization of rabbit immunoglobulin G (IgG) on different types of well-characterized silica surfaces were investigated. Adsorptive immobilization was compared with covalent attachment via thiol-disulphide exchange reactions. The amount of immobilized IgG on five different types of silica surfaces as a function of IgG concentration, at two different ionic strengths, was determined. The IgG-solid-surface interaction involved different types of interaction forces, depending on the surface chemistry of the solid surface. The solid-surface chemistry is an important parameter determining the immobilized amount of IgG. When conditions for covalent attachment of IgG to the surfaces were fulfilled, the IgG showed high affinity and the immobilized amount of IgG showed a fast saturation. Changes in ionic strength showed no significant influence on the kinetics of immobilization on these surfaces. The amount of covalently attached IgG was partially ionic-strength-dependent, indicating that adsorptive interactions were involved. The results are of fundamental interest for the development of new immunosensors based on surface-concentration-measuring devices.

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