Acinetobacter calcoaceticus possesses an L(+)-lactate dehydrogenase and a D(-)-lactate dehydrogenase. Results of experiments in which enzyme activities were measured after growth of bacteria in different media indicated that the two enzymes were co-ordinately induced by either enantiomer of lactate but not by pyruvate, and repressed by succinate or L-glutamate. The two lactate dehydrogenases have very similar properties to L(+)-mandelate dehydrogenase and D(-)-mandelate dehydrogenase. All four enzymes are NAD(P)-independent and were found to be integral components of the cytoplasmic membrane. The enzymes could be solubilized in active form by detergents; Triton X-100 or Lubrol PX were particularly effective D(-)-Lactate dehydrogenase and D(-)-mandelate dehydrogenase could be selectively solubilized by the ionic detergents cholate, deoxycholate and sodium dodecyl sulphate.

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