The rapid stimulation of lipogenesis in mammary gland that occurs on re-feeding starved lactating rats with a chow diet was decreased (60%) by injection of mercaptopicolinic acid, an inhibitor of hepatic gluconeogenesis at the phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase step. Mercaptopicolinate had no effect on lipogenesis in mammary glands of fed lactating rats. The inhibition of lipogenesis persisted in vitro when acini from mammary glands of re-fed rats treated with mercaptopicolinate were incubated with [1-14C]glucose. Mercaptopicolinate added in vitro had no significant effect on lipogenesis in acini from starved-re-fed lactating rats. Mercaptopicolinate prevented the deposition of glycogen and increased the rate of lipogenesis in livers of starved-re-fed lactating rats, whereas it had no significant effect on livers of fed lactating rats. Administration of intraperitoneal glucose restored the rate of mammary-gland lipogenesis in re-fed rats treated with mercaptopicolinate to the values for re-fed rats. Hepatic glycogen deposition was also restored, and the rate of hepatic lipogenesis was stimulated 5-fold. It is concluded that stimulation of mammary-gland lipogenesis on re-feeding with a chow diet after a period of starvation is in part dependent on continued hepatic gluconeogenesis during the absorptive period. Possible sources of the glucose precursors are discussed.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.