The effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 on adenylate cyclase responsiveness was studied in the clonal osteogenic sarcoma cell line, UMR 106-06, which responds to several bone active hormones. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment had no consistent effect on basal formation of cyclic AMP in intact cells, but the responses to parathyroid hormone, isoproterenol, prostaglandin E2, salmon calcitonin and the plant diterpene, forskolin, were all attenuated, by up to 90%. The effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 was dose-dependent, with half-maximal effectiveness at 0.1 nM, and required 48 h treatment of cells before it became apparent. The relative potencies of other vitamin D3 compounds correlated closely with their relative affinities for the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 receptor and their biological activities in other systems. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment had no effect on the kinetics of labelled calcitonin binding to UMR 106-06 cells. Furthermore, the fact that such a range of hormones was affected made a receptor mediated mechanism unlikely. Nucleotide stimulatory (Ns) unit activity was assayed after 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 treatment and found to be unchanged. Islet activating protein, an inhibitor of nucleotide inhibitory unit (Ni) activity, failed to modify the 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 effect. Thus the effect of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 appeared to be exerted beyond hormone receptor and nucleotide regulatory components of the adenylate cyclase complex. It is concluded that 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 attenuates adenylate cyclase response to hormones by a direct or indirect action on the catalytic component of adenylate cyclase.

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