The kinase activity of partially purified insulin receptor obtained from human placenta was studied. When autophosphorylation of the beta-subunit of the receptor was initiated by ATP prior to the addition of the exogenous substrate, both basal and insulin-stimulated kinase activity was increased. However, half-maximum effective insulin concentrations were unchanged. Insulin receptor autophosphorylation as stimulated by ATP and insulin failed to affect significantly 125I-insulin binding to partially purified insulin receptor from human placenta. It is concluded that autophosphorylation of the insulin receptors regulates its kinase activity but not its affinity for insulin. The catalytic subunit of cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase failed to phosphorylate either subunit of the insulin receptor, and each kinase failed to affect the affinity of the other one. Thus no functional interaction between cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase and insulin receptors was observed in the in vitro system.

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