The effect of developmental growth on the kidney content of phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate PPRibP was studied in rats at ages between the foetal animal and up to 100 days of age. In addition, the effect of short-term diabetes (up to 14 days) on the renal content of PPRibP was studied in immature rats and in adults aged approx. 60 days. The developmental pattern of PPRibP is such that the PPRibP content is lowest in the young rat and increases as the rate of kidney growth slows. In the adult rat, the early kidney hypertrophy of diabetes is accompanied by a fall in PPRibP content and, again, the PPRibP content returns to normal as the rate of kidney hypertrophy diminishes. Induction of diabetes in the immature rat causes a lesser degree of kidney hypertrophy and also a smaller depression of renal PPRibP content. The activity of PPRibP synthetase (EC is not significantly affected by age or diabetes. The changes in PPRibP content are discussed in relation to the generation of ribose 5-phosphate by the pentose phosphate pathway and the utilization of PPRibP for nucleotide synthesis via the ‘de novo’ and salvage pathways.

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