An isotope-dilution method is described for the measurement of N tau-methylhistidine release from the perfused rat heart. We argue that release of N tau-methylhistidine is indicative of cardiac actin degradation. N tau-Methylhistidine release is compared with phenylalanine release in the presence of cycloheximide (phenylalanine release being a measure of degradation of mixed proteins). In hearts perfused with glucose plus acetate, the rate of actin degradation was increased by starvation and was not inhibited by insulin. In contrast, the rate of mixed-protein degradation was decreased by starvation and was inhibited by insulin. The fractional rate of degradation of mixed proteins in hearts from fed or starved rats was greater than that for actin. It is suggested that there are at least two pools of intracellular protein, the degradation rates of which differ in terms of their response to insulin and starvation.
Contrasting response of protein degradation to starvation and insulin as measured by release of Nτ-methylhistidine or phenylalanine from the perfused rat heart
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D M Smith, P H Sugden; Contrasting response of protein degradation to starvation and insulin as measured by release of Nτ-methylhistidine or phenylalanine from the perfused rat heart. Biochem J 15 July 1986; 237 (2): 391–395. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2370391
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