In a previous study [Muir, Offord & Davies (1986) Biochem. J. 237, 631-637] the chromatographic and electrophoretic behaviour of a major labelled fragment in the degradation of tritiated insulins by insulin proteinase were used to locate the probable sites of cleavage which had produced this fragment. In order to define these cleavage sites more precisely, authentic markers for the fragments which would be produced by cleavages at, or adjacent to, the most likely sites have now been synthesized. These markers were compared with labelled fragments of the A- and B-chains of insulin produced by insulin proteinase. The results, together with those of our previous study, show that in order to produce the observed major labelled fragment, the enzyme must have cleaved the insulin A-chain between leucine-A13 and tyrosine-A14 and the insulin B-chain between serine-B9 and histidine-B10. In addition, a minor component was observed in the labelled B-chain fragment which corresponded to a cleavage either between histidine-B10 and leucine-B11 or between leucine-B11 and valine-B12.

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