Three properties related to the erythrocyte membrane skeleton are found to be altered after the binding of concanavalin A (Con A) to erythrocytes or their isolated membranes. Con A binding to normal erythrocytes imparts resistance to heat (49 degrees C)-induced fragmentation of the cells. The fragmentation, due to denaturation of spectrin at 49 degrees C, is prevented by Con A in a dose-dependent manner, but levels off at concentrations of Con A in excess of 100 micrograms/ml. The binding of Con A to ghosts isolated from normal, trypsin- or Pronase-treated cells prevents (completely or substantially) the elution of the skeletal protein complex when the membranes are extracted under low-ionic-strength conditions in the cold. The Con A-agglutinated membranes of trypsin- and Pronase-treated, but not normal, cells show cross-linking of skeletal proteins and band 3 with dimethyl adipimidate, a 0.86 nm (8.6 A)-span bifunctional reagent. The extent of cross-linking is greater in the Pronase-treated membrane than in the less-agglutinable trypsin-treated membranes. The results show that, after Con A has bound, rearrangements occur in the membrane that alter properties of the skeletal proteins. Additionally, redistribution of the skeletal proteins and the Con A receptor occurs in the lectin-agglutinated membranes.
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Research Article| January 15 1987
Concanavalin A binding to human erythrocytes leads to alterations in properties of the membrane skeleton
Biochem J (1987) 241 (2): 521–525.
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S M Gokhale, N G Mehta; Concanavalin A binding to human erythrocytes leads to alterations in properties of the membrane skeleton. Biochem J 15 January 1987; 241 (2): 521–525. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2410521
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