Peptidyl-dipeptidase A (angiotensin converting enzyme; ACE, EC, has been purified from pig kidney and striatum by affinity chromatography employing the selective inhibitor lisinopril as ligand. The inclusion of a 2.8 nm spacer arm improved the yield of the enzyme compared with the 1.4 nm spacer arm described in previous work. Two forms of striatal ACE (Mr 180,000 and 170,000), but only a single form of kidney ACE (Mr 180,000), were isolated by this procedure. Both forms of striatal ACE were recognized by a polyclonal antibody to kidney ACE. No significant differences in substrate specificity or inhibitor sensitivity between kidney and striatal ACE could be detected. In particular, the amidated neuropeptide, substance P, was hydrolysed identically by both preparations and no significant hydrolysis of the related tachykinin peptides neurokinin A and neurokinin B could be detected. After chemical or enzymic deglycosylation, kidney and both forms of striatal ACE migrated identically on sodium dodecyl sulphate/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis with an apparent Mr of 150,000. We suggest that the two detectable forms of ACE in pig brain are not isoenzymes but are the result of differential glycosylation in different cell types in the brain. It appears that ACE, unlike endopeptidase-24.11, does not have the general capacity to hydrolyse and inactivate the tachykinin peptides at a significant rate in brain.

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