Decreased intestinal absorption of Ca2+ occurs in response to treatment with disodium ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate (EHDP). The effect is due to decreased 1-hydroxylation of calcidiol (25-hydroxycholecalciferol) in the kidney. In an attempt to establish whether impairment of vitamin D metabolism at steps beyond kidney hydroxylation occurs due to treatment with EHDP, chicks were depleted of vitamin D and were treated with calcitriol (1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol) as their sole source of the vitamin. The chicks were then divided into two groups, one being treated with EHDP while the second group served as control. Intestinal absorption of Ca2+ in the EHDP-treated group was found to be impaired, along with decreases in concentrations of calbindin D28K (the 28,000-Mr vitamin D-dependent Ca2+-binding protein). When the chicks were dosed with [3H]calcitriol, significantly lower concentrations of the sterol were detected in the duodena of EHDP-treated birds. Measurement of levels of receptors for calcitriol in duodena showed no difference between groups, but levels of calcitriol in sera were considerably lower in the EHDP-treated group along with the elevated biliary and urinary excretion of glucuronidated conjugates. It is therefore concluded that treatment with EHDP results in increased catabolism of calcitriol in addition to the known suppression of the renal production of the hormone.
The effect of disodium ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate on the metabolism of calcitriol in chicks
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C Lidor, M S Meyer, R H Wasserman, S Edelstein; The effect of disodium ethane-1-hydroxy-1,1-diphosphonate on the metabolism of calcitriol in chicks. Biochem J 1 April 1987; 243 (1): 75–78. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2430075
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