Measurements have been made of the tissue content of phosphoribosyl pyrophosphate (PPRibP) and of a range of metabolic intermediates involved in the energy charge of the cell, the glycolytic and pentose phosphate pathways, and of the activity of the enzymes of the pentose phosphate pathway and of PPRibP synthetase (EC 2.7.6.1) in the livers of normal, diabetic, insulin-treated diabetic and starved rats and in livers of rats previously starved and then re-fed with high-fat or high-carbohydrate diets. Diabetes, starvation and high-fat diet all caused a fall in the hepatic PPRibP content, whereas insulin treatment and high-carbohydrate diet raised the tissue content. A positive correlation was shown between the PPRibP content and ATP, energy charge and the cytosolic [NAD+]/[NADH] quotient. A positive association between the PPRibP content and the flux of glucose through the pentose phosphate pathway and the synthesis of ribose 5-phosphate via the oxidative enzymes of that pathway, including ribose-5-phosphate isomerase (EC 5.3.1.6), was also observed. A negative correlation was found between the ADP, AMP and Pi contents, and no correlation existed between PPRibP content and the enzymes of the non-oxidative branch of the pentose phosphate pathway. There was no correlation between hepatic PPRibP content and the activity of PPRibP synthetase measured in vitro. These results are considered in relation to the control of PPRibP synthetase in the liver in vivo.

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