Glucosidase II is an endoplasmic-reticulum-localized enzyme that cleaves the two internally alpha-1,3-linked glucosyl residues of the oligosaccharide Glc alpha 1----2Glc alpha 1----3Glc alpha 1----3Man5-9GlcNAc2 during the biosynthesis of asparagine-linked glycoproteins. We have purified this enzyme to homogeneity from the lactating bovine mammary gland. The enzyme is a high-mannose-type asparagine-linked glycoprotein with a molecular mass of approx. 290 kDa. Upon SDS/polyacrylamide-gel electrophoresis under reducing conditions, the purified enzyme shows two subunits of 62 and 64 kDa, both of which are glycosylated. The pH optimum is between 6.6 and 7.0. Specific polyclonal antibodies raised against the bovine mammary enzyme also recognize a similar antigen in heart, liver and the mammary gland of bovine, guinea pig, rat and mouse. These antibodies were used to develop a sensitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for glucosidase II.

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