Fibroblasts from two lethal variants of osteogenesis imperfecta were shown to synthesize increased amounts of type IV procollagen. Previous studies established that one of these variants had a non-functional allele for the pro alpha 2 chain of type I procollagen, whereas the other pro alpha 2(I) allele contained a mutation leading to synthesis of shortened pro alpha 2(I) chains. In the two variants, the relative level of mRNA for pro alpha 1(IV) was 31 and 42% of the level of mRNA for pro alpha 1(I) chains. A value of less than 2% was found for a third lethal and four non-lethal variants of osteogenesis imperfecta. Immunofluorescent staining of fibroblasts from the two variants synthesizing increased amounts of type IV procollagen indicated that a homogeneous population of cells synthesized both type IV and type I procollagen. The results suggest that mutations in the type I procollagen genes that result in osteogenesis imperfecta can be associated with increased expression of the genes for type IV procollagen.
Increased expression of the gene for the proα 1(IV) chain of basement-membrane procollagen in cultured skin fibroblasts from two variants of osteogenesis imperfecta
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T Pihlajaniemi, J McKeon, S Gay, R Gay, W J de Wet, J C Myers, D J Prockop; Increased expression of the gene for the proα 1(IV) chain of basement-membrane procollagen in cultured skin fibroblasts from two variants of osteogenesis imperfecta. Biochem J 15 January 1989; 257 (2): 439–445. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2570439
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