Isolated hepatocytes from streptozotocin-diabetic rats failed to respond to a glucose load with an activation of glycogen synthase. This lesion was associated with severely decreased activities of glycogen-synthase phosphatase and of glucokinase. All these defects were abolished after consumption for 13-18 days of drinking water containing Na3VO4 (0.7 mg/ml), and they were partially restored after 3.5 days, when the blood glucose concentration was already normalized. In all conditions the maximal extent of activation of glycogen synthase in cells closely parallelled the activity of glycogen-synthase phosphatase.

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