We describe the isolation, lipid-binding properties and partial amino acid sequence of PS-p68, a novel 68 kDa phosphatidylserine-binding protein from human platelets. PS-p68 is an abundant constituent of platelets, accounting for 0.5-0.75% of total cell protein. It was purified from platelet cytosol by affinity chromatography. Amino acid sequence analysis yielded no similarity to identified proteins. In contrast with most known phospholipid-binding proteins, PS-p68 does not bind Ca2+ and does not require Ca2+ for its binding of phosphatidylserine. Phosphatidylserine binding to PS-p68 was inhibited by phosphatidic acid and by alkylphospholipids. PS-p68 was isolated as a major phosphoprotein from 32P-labelled platelets and was found to function as a protein kinase C substrate in vitro. However, treatment of intact platelets with phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, thrombin or carbacyclin did not increase PS-p68 phosphorylation. Platelets appear to be the only blood cells containing PS-p68, which was not detected in neutrophils, monocytes and lymphocytes.

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