Combined kinetic, ultracentrifugation and X-ray-crystallographic studies have characterized the effect of the beta-glucosidase inhibitor gluconohydroximo-1,5-lactone on the catalytic and structural properties of glycogen phosphorylase. In the direction of glycogen synthesis, gluconohydroximo-1,5-lactone was found to competitively inhibit both the b (Ki 0.92 mM) and the alpha form of the enzyme (Ki 0.76 mM) with respect to glucose 1-phosphate in synergism with caffeine. In the direction of glycogen breakdown, gluconohydroximo-1,5-lactone was found to inhibit phosphorylase b in a non-competitive mode with respect to phosphate, and no synergism with caffeine could be demonstrated. Ultracentrifugation and crystallization experiments demonstrated that gluconohydroximo-1,5-lactone was able to induce dissociation of tetrameric phosphorylase alpha and stabilization of the dimeric T-state conformation. A crystallographic binding study with 100 mM-gluconohydroximo-1,5-lactone at 0.24 nm (2.4 A) resolution showed a major peak at the catalytic site, and no significant conformational changes were observed. Analysis of the electron-density map indicated that the ligand adopts a chair conformation. The results are discussed with reference to the ability of the catalytic site of the enzyme to distinguish between two or more conformations of the glucopyranose ring.
The binding of d-gluconohydroximo-1,5-lactone to glycogen phosphorylase. Kinetic, ultracentrifugation and crystallographic studies
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A C Papageorgiou, N G Oikonomakos, D D Leonidas, B Bernet, D Beer, A Vasella; The binding of d-gluconohydroximo-1,5-lactone to glycogen phosphorylase. Kinetic, ultracentrifugation and crystallographic studies. Biochem J 1 March 1991; 274 (2): 329–338. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2740329
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