Dexamethasone decreases 2-D-deoxyglucose (2-dGlc) uptake and accumulation into rat peritoneal macrophages in vitro in a concentration- and time-dependent manner (Ki for 1 microM-dexamethasone after a 2 h exposure = 0.71 +/- 0.21 microM; Ki for 0.1 microM-dexamethasone after exposure for 4 h = 0.10 +/- 0.06 microM). The inhibition of 2-dGlc uptake is consistent with a decrease in the coupling between endofacial hexokinase activity and the sugar transporter. The evidence for this is: (1) the Km for zero-trans 2-dGlc uptake in quiescent macrophages was increased by dexamethasone, but there was no significant effect on the Vmax.; (2) dexamethasone increased the rate of exit of sugar from cells preloaded with 2-dGlc; (3). the free sugar accumulation within the cytosol of the cells above the external solution concentration was significantly decreased by dexamethasone. These effects of dexamethasone on 2-dGlc transport were antagonized by simultaneous exposure to the steroid RU 38486 (Ki = 0.04 +/- 0.01 microM; 4 h incubation). Although dexamethasone inhibited zero-trans uptake, the maximum rate of infinite-trans exchange uptake of 2-dGlc into cells preloaded with 3-O-methyl-D-glucose (40 mM) was unaltered by dexamethasone or RU 38486, indicating that the dexamethasone-dependent decrease in zero-trans uptake was not due to a change in the number of transporters in the plasma membrane. Dexamethasone also inhibited the phorbol myristate acetate-induced stimulation of hexose monophosphate shunt (HMPS) activity, and this was reversed by RU 38486. Cytochalasin B, the potent sugar-transport inhibitor, inhibited HMPS activity and 2-d[2,6-3H]Glc uptake equally, indicating a single site of action. By contrast, dexamethasone showed differential inhibition of HMPS activity and 2-d[2,6-3H]Glc uptake, suggesting that it not only acts by decreasing the coupling between hexokinase and sugar transport, but also at one or more additional points.
Dexamethasone inhibits the hexose monophosphate shunt in activated rat peritoneal macrophages by reducing hexokinase-dependent sugar uptake
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R J Rist, R J Naftalin; Dexamethasone inhibits the hexose monophosphate shunt in activated rat peritoneal macrophages by reducing hexokinase-dependent sugar uptake. Biochem J 15 August 1991; 278 (1): 129–135. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2780129
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