Endothelin-1 (ET-1)- and lysophosphatidic acid (LPA)-stimulated PtdIns(4,5)P2 hydrolysis has been studied in Rat-1 fibroblasts. Although both agonists caused the dose-dependent accumulation of inositol phosphates, a number of differences were observed. LPA induced a transient increase in Ins(1,4,5)P3 mass which returned to basal levels within 90 s, whereas the response to ET-1 did not desensitize, with levels remaining at 3-4 times basal values for up to 15 min. Stimulated decreases in mass levels of PtdIns(4,5)P2 mirrored Ins(1,4,5)P3 formation for both agonists. Experiments with electropermeabilized cells demonstrated that the effects of both agonists are stimulated by a phospholipase C controlled by a guanine-nucleotide-binding regulatory protein; however, there are differences in the nature of these interactions. The inositol phosphate response to ET-1 is poorly potentiated by guanosine 5′-[gamma-thio]triphosphate (GTP[S]) and markedly inhibited by guanosine 5′-[beta-thio]diphosphate (GDP[S]), whereas that to LPA is potentiated by GTP[S] but is relatively insensitive to GDP[S]. In addition, LPA decreased the lag time for the onset of GTP[S]-stimulated [3H]InsP3 accumulation, whereas ET-1 was without effect. Phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate treatment of the cells inhibited LPA-stimulated, but not ET-1-stimulated, inositol phosphate formation in both intact and permeabilized cells, suggesting that the site of protein kinase C-mediated phosphorylation may be blocked in ET-1-stimulated Rat-1 cells. The results indicate that the receptor-G-protein-phospholipase C interaction for the two agonists may not conform to the same model.
Differences in the regulation of endothelin-1- and lysophosphatidic-acid-stimulated Ins(1,4,5)P3 formation in rat-1 fibroblasts
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R Plevin, E E MacNulty, S Palmer, M J O Wakelam; Differences in the regulation of endothelin-1- and lysophosphatidic-acid-stimulated Ins(1,4,5)P3 formation in rat-1 fibroblasts. Biochem J 15 December 1991; 280 (3): 609–615. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2800609
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