Endogenous content of and incorporation of labelled glycerol into alkenylacyl-, alkylacyl- and diacyl-glycerol, -glycerol-3-phosphocholine and -glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine of pulmonary type II cells were measured. On prolonged incubation of type II cells with labelled glycerol, the proportion of label incorporated into the diacyl subclass of these glycerolipids increased and the proportion of label incorporated into the ether lipids declined. Endogenous phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho) of type II cells contained 38.4% of the dipalmitoyl species, but endogenous phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn) only 2.5%. In contrast, similar proportions of labelled glycerol were incorporated into dipalmitoyl-PtdCho and -PtdEtn after short-time incubation but, with prolonged incubation time the proportion of labelled dipalmitoyl-PtdCho increased from 11.3 to 18.8%, whereas that of dipalmitoyl-PtdEtn did not change significantly. Type II cell membranes were found to exhibit cofactor-independent and CoA-mediated transacylations of [1-14C]palmitoyl-lyso-PtdCho and -lyso-PtdEtn. The distribution of label among the palmitic acid-containing species of PtdCho and PtdEtn formed by both transacylation activities was determined. Cofactor-independent and CoA-mediated transacylation showed a strong selectivity for palmitate and arachidonate and a strong discrimination against oleate. The amount (nmol) of dipalmitoyl-PtdEtn formed by both transacylation activities after short-time incubation (2 min) decreased with prolonged incubation time (60 min). In contrast, the nmol of dipalmitoyl-PtdCho formed by cofactor-independent transacylation remains nearly the same after short-time and longer incubation. The nmol of dipalmitoyl-PtdCho formed by CoA-mediated transacylation increased strongly in the same time interval. Beside synthesis de novo via the CDP-choline pathway and reacylation of lyso-PtdCho with palmitoyl-CoA, the CoA-mediated transacylation of lyso-PtdCho may be an effective pathway for the formation of dipalmitoyl-PtdCho in pulmonary type II cells.
Studies on the formation of dipalmitoyl species of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine in pulmonary type II cells
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B Rüstow, M Schlame, R Haupt, D Wilhelm, D Kunze; Studies on the formation of dipalmitoyl species of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylethanolamine in pulmonary type II cells. Biochem J 1 March 1992; 282 (2): 453–458. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2820453
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