The CTP: phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase (CT) gene from yeast and cDNA from rat liver were over-expressed 20-30-fold in COS cells. Most of the CT activities were found in the cytosolic fraction. The regulation of the yeast CT activity (Y-CT) by lipids was characterized for the first time in comparison with the regulation of the well-studied rat CT (R-CT). Sonicated vesicles composed of egg phosphatidylcholine (PC) or 1-stearoyl-2-oleoyl PC had no effect on Y-CT and only slightly stimulated R-CT activity. Both CTs were activated 10-50-fold by the anionic lipids cardiolipin, phosphatidyl-glycerol, phosphatidylinositol and oleic acid. The effects of varying the vesicle concentration and the mol% of anionic lipid in PC vesicles were tested. The concentration optima for the activation of Y-CT by oleic acid or anionic phospholipids were 5-10-fold lower than those for R-CT. For example, the stimulation of Y-CT activity by phosphatidylglycerol vesicles was optimal between 5 and 15 microM and declined at higher concentrations, but R-CT activation by these vesicles saturated at approximately 25 microM. The positively charged aminolipid sphingosine antagonized the stimulation by oleic acid of both Y-CT and R-CT. Y-CT activity was insensitive to PC vesicles containing the neutral lipids diacylglycerol, monoacylglycerol or oleyl alcohol. However, R-CT was stimulated 10-20-fold by vesicles containing these neutral lipids. Translocation of the CTs to microsomal membranes enriched with anionic or neutral lipids was compared. Oleic acid enrichment promoted translocation of Y-CT and R-CT, whereas diacylglycerol promoted only R-CT translocation. These data show that the activity of Y-CT is lipid-sensitive. Y-CT is affected only by charged lipids, whereas R-CT responds to charged and neutral lipid activators. The data are consistent with different modes of interaction of the two CTs with lipids.
Comparison of the lipid regulation of yeast and rat CTP: phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase expressed in COS cells
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J E Johnson, G B Kalmar, P S Sohal, C J Walkey, S Yamashita, R B Cornell; Comparison of the lipid regulation of yeast and rat CTP: phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase expressed in COS cells. Biochem J 1 August 1992; 285 (3): 815–820. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2850815
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