The role of protein kinase A (PKA) in the release of amylase from permeabilized pancreatic acini was investigated. Addition of cyclic AMP (cAMP) to permeabilized acini resulted in a potentiation of Ca(2+)-dependent amylase release, shifting the Ca2+ dose/response curve leftwards. As with protein kinase C (PKC) activation, this is due to an increase in the time of active discharge. The effect of cAMP was shown to be blocked by two inhibitors of PKA, H89 and the PKI-(5-24)-peptide. At low concentration, cAMP synergizes from phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA), while at optimal concentrations cAMP and PMA are additive. PKA and PKC appear to work via similar, but not identical mechanisms.

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