The interaction between intracellular cyclic AMP and agonist-induced endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) (NO) formation was investigated in pig aortic endothelial cells. Three potent stimulators of adenylate cyclase, namely forskolin, adenosine and isoprenaline, amplified bradykinin- and ATP-induced biosynthesis and release of EDRF. None of the substances by itself affected basal EDRF formation. The effects of forskolin, adenosine and isoprenaline corresponded to an enhanced agonist-induced rise in intracellular free Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i), were mimicked by the membrane-permeable cyclic AMP analogue dibutyryl cyclic AMP and were antagonized by the protein kinase inhibitor N-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulphonamide dihydrochloride (H-8). Our data suggest that cyclic AMP-dependent phosphorylation modulates Ca(2+)-signalling and thus the function of endothelial cells. This mechanism may be of particular physiological importance, since it allows a joint regulation of endothelial functions by tissues factors such as bradykinin, which directly affects [Ca2+]i and agonists which affect intracellular cyclic AMP levels.
Increases in endothelial cyclic AMP levels amplify agonist-induced formation of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF)
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W F Graier, K Groschner, K Schmidt, W R Kukovetz; Increases in endothelial cyclic AMP levels amplify agonist-induced formation of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF). Biochem J 1 December 1992; 288 (2): 345–349. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2880345
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