Ligation of the common bile duct (BDL) in the male rabbit resulted in increased gall-bladder microsomal total cyclo-oxygenase activity with prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and 6-oxoprostaglandin F1 alpha [6-oxo-PGF1 alpha, stable metabolite of prostaglandin I2 (PGI2; prostacyclin)] as the major prostanoids synthesized after 24 and 72 h. Kinetic analysis of gallbladder microsomal membrane fractions incubated with increasing levels of [14C]arachidonic acid indicated that BDL for 24 and 72 h did not change substrate affinity (apparent Km) but markedly increased the rate of conversion (apparent Vmax.) suggesting the presence of more total enzyme responsible for synthesis of 6-oxo-PGF1 alpha and PGE2. BDL for 24 and 72 h significantly increased gall-bladder tissue slice basal release of 6-oxo-PGF1 alpha, but not PGE2, when compared with the controls. Gall-bladder slice release of PGE2 was 3-fold less than 6-oxo-PGF1 alpha in the control gall-bladder slices. Immunoblot analysis of 72 h BDL gall-bladder microsomal membrane fractions showed a slight increase in cyclo-oxygenase content and a 5-fold increase in the content of prostacyclin synthase as compared with the control. These data suggest that the BDL-stimulated total gall-bladder cyclo-oxygenase activity was the result of an increase in the level of specific prostaglandin-synthetic enzymes, in particular prostacyclin synthase, and not from a change in enzyme affinity.
Increased gall-bladder prostanoid synthesis after bile-duct ligation in the rabbit is secondary to new enzyme formation
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S Myers, C T Evans, L Bartula, B Kalley-Taylor, A R Habeeb, T Goka; Increased gall-bladder prostanoid synthesis after bile-duct ligation in the rabbit is secondary to new enzyme formation. Biochem J 1 December 1992; 288 (2): 585–590. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2880585
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