We have previously shown that phospholipase A2 (PLA2) activity is rapidly activated by epidermal growth factor (EGF) and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in renal mesangial cells and other cell systems in a manner that suggests a covalent modification of the PLA2 enzyme(s). This PLA2 activity is cytosolic (cPLA2) and is distinct from secretory forms of PLA2, which are also stimulated in mesangial cells in response to cytokines and other agonists. However, longer-term regulation of cPLA2 in renal cells may also occur at the level of gene expression. Cultured rat mesangial cells were used as a model system to test the effects of EGF and PMA on the regulation of cPLA2 gene expression. EGF and PMA both produced sustained increases in cPLA2 mRNA levels, with a parallel increase in enzyme activity over time. Inhibition of protein synthesis by cycloheximide increased basal cPLA2 mRNA accumulation in serum-starved mesangial cells, and the combination of EGF and cycloheximide resulted in super-induction of cPLA2 gene expression compared with EGF alone. Actinomycin D treatment entirely abrogated the effect of EGF on cPLA2 mRNA accumulation. These findings suggest that regulation of cPLA2 is achieved by factors controlling gene transcription and possibly mRNA stability, in addition to previously characterized posttranslational modifications.
Epidermal growth factor and phorbol myristate acetate increase expression of the mRNA for cytosolic phospholipase A2 in glomerular mesangial cells
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A P Maxwell, H J Goldberg, A H N Tay, Z G Li, G S Arbus, K L Skorecki; Epidermal growth factor and phorbol myristate acetate increase expression of the mRNA for cytosolic phospholipase A2 in glomerular mesangial cells. Biochem J 1 November 1993; 295 (3): 763–766. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj2950763
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