While evidence has been presented for the receptor-mediated activation of phospholipases A2, C and D, the activation of phospholipase A1 subsequent to receptor activation has not been established. Phospholipase A1-catalysed hydrolysis of 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-glycerophosphoethanolamine (GPE) by guinea-pig heart microsomes was stimulated 40-60% by isoprenaline. This isoprenaline-mediated increase in activity was blocked by propranolol and butoxamine, a specific beta 2-adrenergic antagonist, but not by atenolol, a specific beta 1-adrenergic antagonist. Neither clonidine nor phenylephrine, alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenergic agonists respectively, had a stimulatory effect on the hydrolysis of the PE substrate. Guanosine 5′(-)[gamma-thio]triphosphate (GTP[S]) and guanosine 5′(-)[beta, gamma-imido]triphosphate, but not guanosine 5′(-)[beta-thio]diphosphate (GDP[S]) or adenosine 5′(-)[gamma-thio]triphosphate, stimulated the hydrolysis of 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-GPE by phospholipase A1. GDP[S] inhibited the isoprenaline-mediated stimulation of phospholipase A1 activity. Phospholipase A1 hydrolysis of 1-palmitoyl-2-linoleoyl-GPE was not dependent on cations; however, the stimulatory effects of isoprenaline and GTP[S] on the hydrolytic activity were abolished by cation chelators. The above data suggest that phospholipase A1 activity in guinea-pig heart microsomes is activated by the binding of isoprenaline to beta 2-adrenergic receptors. Furthermore the stimulation of phospholipase A1 activity by the agonist may be mediated via activation of G-proteins.

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