The reactions of excess apoflavodoxin from Desulfovibrio vulgaris, Anabaena variabilis and Azotobacter vinelandii with riboflavin 5´-phosphate (FMN), riboflavin 3´,5´-bisphosphate and riboflavin are pseudo-first-order. The rates increase with decreasing pH in the range pH 5–8, and, in general, they increase with increasing ionic strength to approach a maximum at an ionic strength greater than 0.4 M. The rate of FMN binding in phosphate at high pH increases to a maximum at an ionic strength of about 0.1 M, and then decreases as the phosphate concentration is increased further. The dissociation constants for the complexes with FMN and riboflavin decrease with an increase of ionic strength. Inorganic phosphate stabilizes the complex with riboflavin. The effects of phosphate on riboflavin binding suggest that phosphate interacts with the apoprotein at the site normally occupied by the phosphate of FMN. Redox potentials determined for the oxidized/semiquinone and semiquinone/ hydroquinone couples of the riboflavin and FMN complexes were used with Kd values for the complexes with the oxidized flavins to calculate values for Kd for the semiquinone and hydroquinone complexes. The hydroquinone complexes are all less stable than the complexes with the two other redox forms of the flavin. Destabilization of the hydroquinone is less marked in the complexes with riboflavin, supporting a proposal that the terminal phosphate group of FMN plays a role in decreasing the stability of the hydroquinone complex and in decreasing the redox potential of the semiquinone/hydroquinone couple.

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