Annexin I in the cytosol of resting neutrophils was translocated to the plasma membranes upon addition of opsonized zymosan (OZ). Maximum translocation could be detected 1 min after stimulation with OZ, and decreased thereafter. Subcellular fractionation studies demonstrated that annexin I could not be detected in the granule fractions in either resting or activated cells, but was found in association with the phagosome fraction. The marked translocation of annexin I was unique to OZ, since formyl-Met-Leu-Phe induced only slight translocation of annexin I to the plasma membranes, and phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate had no effect at all. The mechanism regulating the translocation of annexin I is not clear. Annexin I is not phosphorylated in resting or stimulated cells. The correlation between the elevation in the intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) and the degree of translocation of annexin I to the plasma membranes induced by the different stimuli, together with the inhibition of these processes by the addition of EGTA, indicate that the translocation of annexin I can probably be attributed to the rise in [Ca2+]i. However, this cannot be the sole mechanism since ionomycin, which caused an increase in [Ca2+]i similar to that induced by OZ, was less efficient than OZ in inducing translocation of annexin I. The induction of annexin I translocation to the plasma membrane by OZ, which was the only agent that induced phagosome formation, and the detection of annexin I in the phagosome fraction, suggest that annexin I participates in phagosome function.
Translocation of annexin I to plasma membranes and phagosomes in human neutrophils upon stimulation with opsonized zymosan: possible role in phagosome function
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Michaela KAUFMAN, Thomas LETO, Rachel LEVY; Translocation of annexin I to plasma membranes and phagosomes in human neutrophils upon stimulation with opsonized zymosan: possible role in phagosome function. Biochem J 15 May 1996; 316 (1): 35–42. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3160035
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