Sodium n-butyrate-induced flat reversion in v-K-rasoncogene-transformed rat kidney (KNRK) cells is associated with transcriptional activation of the p52PAI-1 gene (which encodes the type-1 inhibitor of plasminogen activator). Butyrate-initiated expression of p52PAI-1 mRNA and protein correlated with induced cell spreading and preceded development of cell-to-substrate focal adhesions. Such undersurface matrix contact structures, which are absent from parental KNRK cells, require proximal PAI-1 deposition for their stabilization. Stimulated p52PAI-1 expression by flat revertants (approximating 25-fold that of control cells) and the accompanying cytoarchitectural reorganization appeared to be programmed responses to butyrate as both events required de novoRNA and protein synthesis, metabolic characteristics consistent with a secondary pathway of gene regulation. To assess the relevance of p52PAI-1 induction to the process of flat reversion more critically, a molecular genetic approach was designed to maintain high-level constitutive p52PAI-1 synthesis in the absence of butyrate. KNRK cells transfected with a Rc/CMVPAI plasmid construct, in which expression of a p52PAI-1 cDNA insert was driven by enhancerŐpromoter sequences from the immediate-early gene of human cytomegalovirus, formed colonies comprised of flat-revertant-like cells with a greater frequency than did cells transfected with the Rc/CMV vector alone (24.8% and 1.7% respectively). Comparative analysis of randomly selected Rc/CMVPAI clones indicated that a 10-fold increase in immunoreactive p52PAI-1 protein, relative to Rc/CMV isolates, correlated with generation of the flat phenotype. These data suggest that induced p52PAI-1 expression probably functions in the development of morphological revertants in the KNRK cell system.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.