Transport of glucose and maltose was studied in plasma-membrane vesicles from Candida utilis. The yeast was grown on a mixture of glucose and maltose in aerobic carbon-limited continuous cultures which enabled transport to be studied for both sugars with the same vesicles. Vesicles were prepared by fusion of isolated plasma membranes with proteoliposomes containing bovine heart cytochrome coxidase as a proton-motive-force-generating system. Addition of reduced cytochrome cgenerated a proton-motive force, consisting of a membrane potential, negative inside, and a pH gradient, alkaline inside. Energization led to accumulation of glucose and maltose in these vesicles, reaching accumulation ratios of about 40Ő50. Accumulation also occurred in the presence of valinomycin or nigericin, but was prevented by a combination of the two ionophores or by uncoupler, showing that glucose and maltose transport are dependent on the proton-motive force. Comparison of sugar accumulation with quantitative data on the proton-motive force indicated a 1:1 H+/sugar stoichiometry for both transport systems. Efflux of accumulated glucose was observed on dissipation of the proton-motive force. Exchange and counterflow experiments confirmed the reversible character of the H+Őglucose symporter. In contrast, uncoupler or a mixture of valinomycin plus nigericin induced only a slow efflux of accumulated maltose. Moreover under counterflow conditions, the expected transient accumulation was small. Thus the H+Őmaltose symporter has some characteristics of a carrier that is not readily reversible. It is concluded that in C. utilisthe transport systems for glucose and maltose are both driven by the proton-motive force, but the mechanisms are different.
Mechanism of glucose and maltose transport in plasma-membrane vesicles from the yeast Candida utilis
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Peter J. A. van den BROEK, Angeline E. van GOMPEL, Marijke A. H. LUTTIK, Jack T. PRONK, Carla C. M. van LEEUWEN; Mechanism of glucose and maltose transport in plasma-membrane vesicles from the yeast Candida utilis. Biochem J 15 January 1997; 321 (2): 487–495. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3210487
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