We have studied the effect of ATP on Ca2+ uptake in intestinal brush border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) of the teleost tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus). ATP stimulated Ca2+ uptake 12-fold over the control, with a linear time course. Ionomycin and detergent treatment did not reduce BBMVs' Ca2+ content, indicating the binding of Ca2+ to a membrane component. A rank order of ATP > ADP > AMP was established for the stimulation of Ca2+ uptake. Adenosine, vanadate, adenosine 5ƀ-[α,β-methylene]triphosphate (a P2X purinoceptor agonist) and adenosine 5ƀ-[γ-thio]triphosphate (a P-type ATPase inhibitor) were without effect. 2-Methylthioadenosine 5ƀ-triphosphate, a P2Y purinoceptor agonist, mimicked the stimulation by ATP. As judged from a kinetic comparison, ATP hydrolysis and the stimulation by ATP of Ca2+ uptake were not compatible. The P2 purinoceptor antagonist suramin and the P2Y purinoceptor antagonist Reactive Blue-2 inhibited the Ca2+ uptake stimulated by 1 mM ATP (IC50 0.17 mM and 58 ƁM respectively). We conclude that ATP-stimulated Ca2+ uptake in tilapia intestine is dissociated from ATPase activity and is mediated through a P2 purinoceptor.

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