Previous reports suggested the expression of four or five different Ins(1,4,5)P3 receptor [Ins(1,4,5)P3R] isoforms in mouse cells [Ross, Danoff, Schell, Snyder and Ullrich (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 89, 4265–4269; De Smedt, Missiaen, Parys, Bootman, Mertens, Van Den Bosch and Casteels (1994) J. Biol. Chem. 269, 21691–21698]. To explore this diversity further, we have isolated and sequenced partial clones of two Ins(1,4,5)P3R mRNAs from the mouse embryonic C3H10T½ cell line. These clones showed between 94.2 and 94.9% sequence identity with the corresponding rat Ins(1,4,5)P3R-II and Ins(1,4,5)P3R-III isoforms. Based on these newly obtained sequences we have determined the relative expression of the different Ins(1,4,5)P3R mRNAs in cultured cells and in animal tissues of mouse origin by a ratio reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Ins(1,4,5)P3R-I was very prominent in brain and cerebellum and Ins(1,4,5)P3R-II in epithelia such as kidney as well as in both cardiac and skeletal muscle. Ins(1,4,5)P3R-III was highly expressed in all cultured cell types and in tissues with high cell turnover, e.g. testis. The prominent expression of Ins(1,4,5)P3R-I and Ins(1,4,5)P3R-III in A7r5 and C3H10T½ cells respectively was confirmed by immunoblot analysis and was compatible with a lower threshold for Ins(1,4,5)P3-induced Ca2+ release in the former cell type. Screening of a large number of mouse cell lines and tissues revealed the presence of Ins(1,4,5)P3R-I as well as of the Ins(1,4,5)P3R-II and Ins(1,4,5)P3R-III isoforms which were identified in the present study, but in contrast with previous reports there was no evidence for more isoform diversity.
Isoform diversity of the inositol trisphosphate receptor in cell types of mouse origin
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Humbert De SMEDT, Ludwig MISSIAEN, Jan B. PARYS, Robert H. HENNING, Ilse SIENAERT, Sara VANLINGEN, Antoon GIJSENS, Bernard HIMPENS, Rik CASTEELS; Isoform diversity of the inositol trisphosphate receptor in cell types of mouse origin. Biochem J 1 March 1997; 322 (2): 575–583. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3220575
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