The properties of Ca2+-ATPase purified and reconstituted from rabbit skeletal sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) has been studied in comparison with the preparations obtained by the commonly used detergent poly(oxyethylene)8-lauryl ether (C12E8) and the bile salt detergents cholate and deoxycholate. 1,2-Diheptanoyl-sn-phosphatidylcholine (DHPC) has been shown to be excellent for solubilizing a wide variety of membrane proteins [Kessi, Poiree, Wehrli, Bachofen, Semenza and Hauser (1994) Biochemistry 33, 10825–10836]. The DHPC method consistently gave higher yields of purified Ca2+-ATPase with a greater specific activity than the methods with C12E8, cholate, or deoxycholate. DHPC and C12E8 were superior to cholate and deoxycholate in active enzyme yields and specific activity. DHPC-solubilized Ca2+-ATPase purified on a density gradient retained the E1Ca–E1*Ca conformational transition, whereas the enzyme from the C12E8 purification did not retain this transition. The coupling of Ca2+ transported to ATP hydrolysed in the DHPC-purified enzyme was maximal and matched the values obtained with native SR, whereas the coupling was much lower for the C12E8-purified enzyme. The specific activity of Ca2+-ATPase reconstituted into dioleoylphosphatidylcholine vesicles with DHPC was up to 2-fold greater than that achieved with C12E8, and is comparable to that measured in the native SR. Finally, the dissociation of Ca2+-ATPase into monomers by DHPC preserved the ATPase activity, whereas similar dissociation by C12E8 gave only one-sixth the activity of that obtained with DHPC. These studies show that the Ca2+-ATPase solubilized, purified and reconstituted with DHPC is superior to that obtained with C12E8 in significant ways, making it a preparation suitable for detailed studies on the mechanism of ion transport and the role of protein–lipid interactions in the function of membrane proteins.
Preservation of the native structure and function of Ca2+-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum: Solubilization and reconstitution by new short-chain phospholipid detergent 1,2-diheptanoyl-sn-phosphatidylcholine
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
- Cite Icon Cite
Bannikuppe D. SHIVANNA, Elizabeth S. ROWE; Preservation of the native structure and function of Ca2+-ATPase from sarcoplasmic reticulum: Solubilization and reconstitution by new short-chain phospholipid detergent 1,2-diheptanoyl-sn-phosphatidylcholine. Biochem J 15 July 1997; 325 (2): 533–542. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3250533
Download citation file: