Neuropeptide Y (NPY) significantly potentiates the constrictor actions of noradrenaline and ATP on blood vessels via a pertussis toxin (PTX)-sensitive mechanism involving Gi/o (αβγ) protein subunits (Gi/o, GTP-binding proteins sensitive to PTX). In Chinese hamster ovary K1 (CHO K1) cells expressing specific receptors for these neurotransmitters, stimulation of Gi/o protein-coupled receptors for NPY and other neurotransmitters can augment the Gq/11-coupled (Gq/11, GTP-binding proteins insensitive to PTX) α1B adrenoceptor- or ATP receptor-induced arachidonic acid (AA) release and inositol phosphate (IP) production (early events which may precede vasoconstriction). In this study, we have assessed the role of Gβγ subunits in the synergistic interaction between Gi/o- (NPY Y1, 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT1B, adenosine A1) and Gq/11- [ATP P2Y2 (P2U)]-coupled receptors on AA release by using the specific abilities of regions of the β-adrenergic receptor kinase (βARK1 residues 495-689) and the transducin α subunit to associate with G-protein βγ subunit dimers and to act as Gβγ subunit scavengers. Transient expression of βARK1(495-689) in CHO K1 cells heterologously expressing NPY Y1 receptors had no significant effect on the PTX-insensitive ability of ATP to stimulate AA release. Stimulation of NPY Y1 receptors (as well as the endogenous 5-hydroxytryptamine 5-HT1B receptor and the transiently expressed human adenosine A1 receptor) resulted in a PTX-sensitive augmentation of ATP-stimulated AA release, which was inhibited by expression of both Gβγ subunit scavengers. Expression of βARK1(495-689) similarly inhibited NPY Y1 receptor augmentation of ATP-stimulated IP production (a measure of phospholipase C activity), a step thought to precede the NPY Y1 receptor-augmented protein kinase C-dependent AA release previously observed in these cells. These experiments demonstrate that Gβγ subunits, as inhibited by two different Gβγ scavengers, significantly contribute to the synergistic interaction between NPY Y1 Gi/o- and Gq/11-coupled receptor activity, and are required for the augmentation of IP production and AA release observed in this model cell system.

This content is only available as a PDF.
You do not currently have access to this content.