A Myceliophthora thermophila laccase and a Rhizoctonia solani laccase were mutated on a pentapeptide segment believed to be near the type-1 Cu site. The mutation L513F in Myceliophthora laccase and the mutation L470F in Rhizoctonia laccase took place at a position corresponding to the type-1 Cu axial methionine (M517) ligand in Zucchini ascorbate oxidase. The triple mutations V509L,S510E,G511A in Myceliophthora laccase and L466V,E467S,A468G in Rhizoctonia laccase involved a sequence segment whose homologue in ascorbate oxidase is flanked by the M517 and a type-1 Cu-ligating histidine (H512). The single mutation did not yield significant changes in the enzymic properties (including any significant increase in the redox potential of the type-1 Cu). In contrast, the triple mutation resulted in several significant changes. In comparison with the wild type, the Rhizoctonia and Myceliophthora laccase triple mutants had a phenol-oxidase activity whose pH optimum shifted 1 unit lower and higher, respectively. Although the redox potentials were not significantly altered, the Km, kcat and fluoride inhibition of the laccases were greatly changed by the mutations. The observed effects are interpreted as possible mutation-induced structural perturbations on the molecular recognition between the reducing substrate and laccase and on the electron transfer from the substrate to the type-1 Cu centre.
Site-directed mutations in fungal laccase: effect on redox potential, activity and pH profile
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Feng XU, Randy M. BERKA, Jill A. WAHLEITHNER, Beth A. NELSON, Jeffrey R. SHUSTER, Stephen H. BROWN, Amy E. PALMER, Edward I. SOLOMON; Site-directed mutations in fungal laccase: effect on redox potential, activity and pH profile. Biochem J 15 August 1998; 334 (1): 63–70. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3340063
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