The pyruvate dehydrogenase complex (mPDC) from potato (Solanum tuberosum cv. Romano) tuber mitochondria was purified 40-fold to a specific activity of 5.60 µmol/min per mg of protein. The activity of the complex depended on pyruvate, divalent cations, NAD+ and CoA and was competitively inhibited by both NADH and acetyl-CoA. SDS/PAGE revealed the complex consisted of seven polypeptide bands with apparent molecular masses of 78, 60, 58, 55, 43, 41 and 37 kDa. N-terminal sequencing revealed that the 78 kDa protein was dihydrolipoamide transacetylase (E2), the 58 kDa protein was dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3), the 43 and 41 kDa proteins were α subunits of pyruvate dehydrogenase, and the 37 kDa protein was the β subunit of pyruvate dehydrogenase. N-terminal sequencing of the 55 kDa protein band yielded two protein sequences: one was another E3; the other was similar to the sequence of E2 from plant and yeast sources but was distinctly different from the sequence of the 78 kDa protein. Incubation of the mPDC with [2-14C]pyruvate resulted in the acetylation of both the 78 and 55 kDa proteins.

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