The catalytically disabled Asp165 → Ser mutant of clostridial glutamate dehydrogenase shows 100000-fold less activity than the wild-type (WT) enzyme in a standard glutamate oxidation assay and 1000-fold less activity in the reductive-amination reaction. The large reduction in the rate has been attributed to removal of the negative charge and the postulated proton-donor capacity of the aspartate carboxyl group. However, fluoride ion (1 M NaF) causes a 1000-fold activation of the mutant enzyme while simultaneously inhibiting WT activity by 20-fold in the forward reaction. For the reverse reaction, F- (1 M) activates the mutant 4-fold and inhibits WT activity to approx. 64%. The net result when 1 M F- is present is a decrease in the WT:mutant activity ratio from 100000 to 5 for the forward reaction. None of the other halides tested, nor NO3-, CHCOO- or HCOO-, give comparable activation. Re-activation took 15-30 s under assay conditions, suggesting the possibility of conformational change; CD spectroscopy, however, provided no evidence of a substantial change and kinetics of modification using 5,5ʹ-dithiobis(2-nitrobenzoic acid) suggested only subtle structural rearrangement. This phenomenon is discussed in the light of available information about the structure of the mutant enzyme. It is suggested that the F- ion provides a fixed negative charge at the position of the missing aspartate carboxyl group. Therefore, this appears to be an example of ‘chemical rescue’.
Chemical rescue of the catalytically disabled clostridial glutamate dehydrogenase mutant D165S by fluoride ion
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Bronagh M. HAYDEN, Jonathan L. E. DEAN, Stephen R. MARTIN, Paul C. ENGEL; Chemical rescue of the catalytically disabled clostridial glutamate dehydrogenase mutant D165S by fluoride ion. Biochem J 1 June 1999; 340 (2): 555–560. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3400555
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