We investigated the effects of insulin and adrenaline on the rate of glycogen synthesis in skeletal muscles after electrical stimulation in vitro. The contractile activity decreased the glycogen concentration by 62%. After contractile activity, the glycogen stores were fully replenished at a constant and high rate for 3 h when 10 m-i.u./ml insulin was present. In the absence of insulin, only 65% of the initial glycogen stores was replenished. Adrenaline decreased insulin-stimulated glycogen synthesis. Surprisingly, adrenaline did not inhibit glycogen synthesis stimulated by glycogen-depleting contractile activity. In agreement with this, the fractional activity of glycogen synthase was high when adrenaline was present after exercise, whereas adrenaline decreased the fractional activity of glycogen synthase to a low level during stimulation with insulin. Furthermore, adrenaline activated glycogen phosphorylase almost completely during stimulation with insulin, whereas a much lower activation of glycogen phosphorylase was observed after contractile activity. Thus adrenaline does not inhibit contraction-stimulated glycogen synthesis.

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