Type II phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinases (PIPkins) have recently been found to be primarily phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate 4-kinases, and their physiological role remains unclear. We have previously shown that a Type II PIPkin [isoform(s) unknown], is localized partly in the nucleus [Divecha, Rhee, Letcher and Irvine (1993) Biochem. J. 289, 617-620], and here we show, by transfection of HeLa cells with green-fluorescent-protein-tagged Type II PIPkins, that this is likely to be the Type IIβ isoform. Type IIβ PIPkin has no obvious nuclear localization sequence, and a detailed analysis of the localization of chimaeras and mutants of the α (cytosolic) and β PIPkins shows that the nuclear localization requires the presence of a 17-amino-acid length of α-helix (α-helix 7) that is specific to the β isoform, and that this helix must be present in its entirety, with a precise orientation. This resembles the nuclear targeting of the HIV protein Vpr, and Type IIβ PIPkin is apparently therefore the first example of a eukaryotic protein that uses the same mechanism.
Nuclear targeting of the β isoform of Type II phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase (phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate 4-kinase) by its α-helix 7
- Views Icon Views
- Share Icon Share
Antonio CIRUELA, Katherine A. HINCHLIFFE, Nullin DIVECHA, Robin F. IRVINE; Nuclear targeting of the β isoform of Type II phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase (phosphatidylinositol 5-phosphate 4-kinase) by its α-helix 7. Biochem J 15 March 2000; 346 (3): 587–591. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3460587
Download citation file: