The C-terminal tail of the long splice variant of the rat thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) receptor-1 (TRHR-1L) comprises around 93 amino acids. A series of C-terminal truncations was constructed and expressed transiently in HEK-293 cells. The extent of steady-state internalization of these in response to [3H]TRH was dependent upon the degree of truncation. Little effect was produced by deletion of the C-terminal to 50 amino acids, although there was a substantial decrease in the extent of internalization by deletion to 45-46 amino acids. The rate of internalization of TRHR-1L in response to ligand was substantially decreased by the acid-wash procedures often used in the analysis of cellular distribution of receptors with peptide ligands, and thus an alternative procedure using a Mes-containing buffer was employed in the present study. Apart from a truncation anticipated to eliminate post-translational acylation of the re-ceptor, which altered both the association and dissociation rates of [3H]TRH, the kinetics of ligand binding were unaffected by C-terminal truncation. Equally, the rate of recycling to the plasma membrane of internalized receptors was unaffected by C-terminal truncation. Although the extent of internalization of the full-length receptor was impaired by pre-exposure of cells to TRH, this was not true of C-terminal truncation mutants, which displayed limited steady-state internalization ratios. A mutant with a substantial C-terminal deletion also displayed decreased functional desensitization compared with the full-length receptor.
Kinetic analysis of the internalization and recycling of [3H]TRH and C-terminal truncations of the long isoform of the rat thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor-1
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Tomas DRMOTA, Graeme MILLIGAN; Kinetic analysis of the internalization and recycling of [3H]TRH and C-terminal truncations of the long isoform of the rat thyrotropin-releasing hormone receptor-1. Biochem J 15 March 2000; 346 (3): 711–718. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3460711
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