In the present study we have investigated the role of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3), functional IP3 receptors (IP3Rs) and the human homologue of the Drosophila transient receptor potential (Trp) channel, human Trp1 (hTrp1), in store-mediated Ca2+ entry (SMCE) in human platelets. Inhibition of IP3 recycling using Li+, or the inhibition of IP3Rs using xestospongin C, both resulted in the inhibition of SMCE activation following Ca2+ store depletion using thapsigargin. Co-immunoprecipitation experiments indicated that endogenously expressed hTrp1 couples with IP3R type II, but not types I or III, in platelets with depleted intracellular Ca2+ stores, but not in control, undepleted cells. These results provide strong evidence for the activation of SMCE by conformational coupling involving de novo association between IP3Rs and a plasma membrane channel in normal human cells.

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