The locked nucleic acid (LNA) monomer is a conformationally restricted nucleotide analogue with an extra 2′-O,4′-C-methylene bridge added to the ribose ring. Oligonucleotides that contain LNA monomers have shown greatly enhanced thermal stability when hybridized to complementary DNA and RNA and are considered most promising candidates for efficient recognition of a given mixed sequence in a nucleic acid duplex and as an antisense molecule. Here the kinetics and thermodynamics of a series of oligonucleotide duplex formations of DNA–DNA and DNA–LNA octamers were studied using stopped-flow absorption measurements at 25°C and melting curves. The reactions of the DNA octamer 5′-CAGGAGCA-3′ with its complementary DNA octamer 5′-TGCTCCTG-3′, and with the LNA octamers 5′-TLGCTCCTG-3′ (LNA-1), 5′-TLGCTLCCTG-3′ (LNA-2) and 5′-TLGCTLCCTLG-3′(LNA-3), containing respectively one, two or three thymidine 2′-O,4′-C-methylene-(D-ribofuranosyl) nucleotide monomers, designated TL, were studied. In all cases were seen fast second-order association reactions with kobs = 2×107M-1˙s-1. At 25°C the dissociation constants of the duplexes obtained from melting curves were: DNA–DNA, 10nM; DNA–LNA-1, 20nM; DNA–LNA-2, 2nM; and DNA–LNA-3, 0.3nM; thus the greatly enhanced duplex stability induced by LNA is confirmed. Since the association rates were all equal this increase in stability is due to slower rates of dissociation of the complexes.
Stopped-flow kinetics of locked nucleic acid (LNA)–oligonucleotide duplex formation: studies of LNA–DNA and DNA–DNA interactions
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Ulla CHRISTENSEN, Nana JACOBSEN, Vivek K. RAJWANSHI, Jesper WENGEL, Troels KOCH; Stopped-flow kinetics of locked nucleic acid (LNA)–oligonucleotide duplex formation: studies of LNA–DNA and DNA–DNA interactions. Biochem J 15 March 2001; 354 (3): 481–484. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj3540481
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