Upon stimulation of renal cortical slices with hepatocyte growth factor (HGF), inositol lipid metabolism was studied in basal-lateral plasma membranes (BLM) and brush-border plasma membranes (BBM). Whereas in BLM rapid increases in 1,2-diacylglycerol, PtdIns(3,4,5)P3 and PtdIns(3,4)P2 were observed, suggesting that in BLM HGF activates both phospholipase C (PLC) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), in BBM only HGF-induced transient accumulation of PtdIns3P was seen, which was temporarily delayed from signalling events in BLM and could be blocked by the PtdIns-specific-PLC inhibitor ET-18-OCH3 and the calpain inhibitor calpeptin, suggesting that 3-kinase activation in BBM lies downstream of PLC activation in BLM and is a calpain-mediated event. Moreover, the increase in immunoprecipitable PI3K-C2β activity, which is sensitive to wortmannin (10nM) and shows strong preference for PtdIns over PtdIns4P as a substrate, was observed only in BBM upon stimulation of renal cortical slices with HGF and could be mimicked by the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 and blocked by the cell-penetrant Ca2+ chelator BAPTA-AM [1,2-bis-(2-aminophenoxy)ethane-N,N,N′,N′-tetra-acetic acid tetrakis(acetoxymethyl ester)]. On Western blots PI3K-C2β revealed a single immunoreactive band of 180kDa in BLM and BBM, while after stimulation with HGF a gel shift of 18kDa was noticed only in BBM, suggesting that the observed enzyme activation is achieved by proteolysis. When BBM were subjected to short-term (15min) exposure toμ-calpain, a similar gel shift together with an increase in PI3K-C2β activity was observed, when compared with the BBM harvested after HGF stimulation. The above-mentioned gel shift and increase in PI3K-C2β activity could be prevented by the calpain inhibitor calpeptin. The data presented in this report show that in renal cells there is a spatial separation of the inositol lipid signalling system between BLM and BBM, and that HGF causes activation of PLC and PI3K primarily in BLM, which leads to calpain-mediated activation of PI3K-C2β in BBM with a concomitant increase in PtdIns3P.

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