The tyrosine kinase inhibitor genistein inhibits 3T3-L1 adipogenesis when present during the first 72h of differentiation. In this report, we investigated the underlying mechanisms involved in the anti-adipogenic effects of genistein. We found that genistein blocked the DNA binding and transcriptional activity of CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) during differentiation by promoting the expression of C/EBP homologous protein, a dominant-negative member of the C/EBP family. Loss of C/EBPβ activity was manifested as a loss of differentiation-induced C/EBPα and peroxisome-proliferator-activated receptor γ protein expression and a dramatic reduction in lipid accumulation. Further, we documented for the first time that C/EBPβ was tyrosine-phosphorylated in vivo during differentiation and in vitro by activated epidermal growth factor receptor. Genistein inhibited both of these events. Collectively, these results indicate that genistein blocks adipogenesis and C/EBPβ activity by increasing the level of C/EBP homologous protein and possibly by inhibiting the tyrosine phosphorylation of C/EBPβ.
Genistein inhibits CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) activity and 3T3-L1 adipogenesis by increasing C/EBP homologous protein expression
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Anne W. HARMON, Yashomati M. PATEL, Joyce B. HARP; Genistein inhibits CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein β (C/EBPβ) activity and 3T3-L1 adipogenesis by increasing C/EBP homologous protein expression. Biochem J 1 October 2002; 367 (1): 203–208. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj20020300
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