Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) induced α1B-adrenergic receptor phosphorylation in Rat-1 fibroblasts stably expressing these adrenoceptors. This effect of TGF-β was rapid, reaching a maximum within 30min and decreasing thereafter, and concentration-dependent (EC50 0.3pM). The phosphoinositide 3-kinase inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002, and the protein kinase C inhibitors staurosporine, Ro 318220 and bisindolylmaleimide, blocked the effect of this growth factor. α1B-Adrenergic receptor phosphorylation was associated with desensitization, as indicated by a reduction in the adrenergic-mediated production of [3H]inositol phosphates. Phosphorylation of α1B-adrenergic receptors by TGF-β was also observed in Cos-1 cells transfected with the receptor. Co-transfection of the dominant-negative mutant of the regulatory subunit of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (Δp85) inhibited the phosphorylation of α1B-adrenergic receptors induced by TGF-β. Our results indicate that activation of TGF-β receptors induces α1B-adrenergic receptor phosphorylation and desensitization. The data suggest that phosphoinositide 3-kinase and protein kinase C play key roles in this effect of TGF-β.

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