Most microarray slides are manufactured or coated with a layer of poly(l-lysine) or with silanes with different chemical functional groups, for the attachment of nucleic acids on to their surfaces. The efficiency with which nucleic acids bind to these surfaces is not high, because they can be washed away, especially in the case of spotting oligonucleotides. In view of this, we have developed a method to increase the binding capacity and efficiency of hybridization of DNA on to derivatized glass surfaces. This makes use of the synergistic effect of two binding interactions between the nucleic acids and the coating chemicals on the surface of the glass slides. The enhanced binding allows the nucleic acids to be bound tightly and to survive stringency washes. When immobilized, DNA exhibits a higher propensity for hybridization on the surface than on slides with only one binding chemical. By varying the silane concentrations, we have shown that maximal DNA oligonucleotide binding on glass surfaces occurs when the percentage composition of both of the surface-coating chemicals falls to 0.2%, which is different from that on binding PCR products. This new mixture-combination approach for nucleic-acid binding allows signals from immobilization and hybridization to have higher signal-to-noise ratios than for other silane-coated methods.
Synergistic effects of epoxy- and amine-silanes on microarray DNA immobilization and hybridization
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Sung-Kay CHIU, Mandy HSU, Wei-Chi KU, Ching-Yu TU, Yu-Tien TSENG, Wai-Kwan LAU, Rong-Yih YAN, Jing-Tyan MA, Chi-Meng TZENG; Synergistic effects of epoxy- and amine-silanes on microarray DNA immobilization and hybridization. Biochem J 15 September 2003; 374 (3): 625–632. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/bj20030486
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