The cDNA encoding a xyloglucan endotransglycosylase, PttXET16A, from hybrid aspen (Populus tremula×tremuloides) has been isolated from an expressed sequence tag library and expressed in the methylotrophic yeast Pichia pastoris. Sequence analysis indicated a high degree of similarity with other proteins in the XTH (xyloglucan transglycosylase/hydrolase) gene subfamily of GH16 (glycoside hydrolase family 16). In addition to the conserved GH16 catalytic sequence motif, PttXET16A contains a conserved N-glycosylation site situated proximal to the predicted catalytic residues. MS analysis indicated that the recombinant PttXET16A expressed in P. pastoris is heterogeneous due to the presence of variable N-glycosylation and incomplete cleavage of the α-factor secretion signal peptide. Removal of the N-glycan by endoglycosidase H treatment did not influence the catalytic activity significantly. Similarly, site-directed mutagenesis of Asn93 to serine to remove the N-glycosylation site resulted in an enzyme which was comparable with the wild-type enzyme in specific activity and thermal stability but had clearly reduced solubility. Hydrolytic activity was detected neither in wild-type PttXET16A before or after enzymatic deglycosylation nor in PttXET16A N93S (Asn93→Ser) mutant.
Enzymatic properties of native and deglycosylated hybrid aspen (Populus tremula×tremuloides) xyloglucan endotransglycosylase 16A expressed in Pichia pastoris
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Åsa M. Kallas, Kathleen Piens, Stuart E. Denman, Hongbin Henriksson, Jenny Fäldt, Patrik Johansson, Harry Brumer, Tuula T. Teeri; Enzymatic properties of native and deglycosylated hybrid aspen (Populus tremula×tremuloides) xyloglucan endotransglycosylase 16A expressed in Pichia pastoris. Biochem J 15 August 2005; 390 (1): 105–113. doi: https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20041749
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