HSF1 (heat-shock factor 1) plays an essential role in mediating the appropriate cellular response to diverse forms of physiological stresses. However, it is not clear how HSF1 is regulated by interacting proteins under normal and stressful conditions. In the present study, Hsc70 (heat-shock cognate 70) was identified as a HSF1-interacting protein using the TAP (tandem affinity purification) system and MS. HSF1 can interact with Hsc70 in vivo and directly in vitro. Interestingly, Hsc70 is required for the regulation of HSF1 during heat stress and subsequent target gene expression in mammalian cells. Moreover, cells transfected with siRNAs (small interfering RNAs) targeted to Hsc70 showed greatly decreased HSF1 activation with expression of HSF1 target genes being dramatically reduced. Finally, loss of Hsc70 expression in cells resulted in an increase in stress-induced apoptosis. These results indicate that Hsc70 is a necessary and critical regulator of HSF1 activities.

You do not currently have access to this content.